by Terry Drone

Deer Management


Reports have estimated that there are currently almost 200,000 Whitetail Deer in NJ. This population explosion is causing many problems throughout the state including damaged landscaping to homewners.

Browsing deer can cause a wide variety of damage to your trees & shrubs. Landscapes are susceptible to increasing to problems with deer damage. Leaves and twigs are ripped from trees and brush leaving a ragged surface. Damage to larger trees extends only to eight feet, the highest they can reach. Smaller trees can be pushed down and totally destroyed or the bark may be chewed through,causing the tree to die. If deer are hungry enough, they will eat almost any plant.

Damage from white-tailed deer, Odocoileus virginianus, on crops, nurseries, orchards, and private landscapes is on the rise throughout the Northeast. As urban and suburban development encroaches upon rural areas where deer populations are high, deer look for food in landscapes, gardens, and nurseries.

Family Tree and Turf Care® specializes in minimizing the damage to landscapes with protection measures by

What Plantings are the favorites of the Whitetailed Deer?

Shrubs: Arborvitae, Azalea, Burning Bush, Holly, Hydrangea, Lilac, Mountain Laurel, Red Twigged Dogwood, Rhododendron, Rose of Sharon, Viburnum, and Yew.

Flowers: Aster, Astilbe, Bee Balm, Cardinal Flower, Coneflower, Daylily, Gayfeather, Geranium, Hosta, Impatiens, Sedum, Sunflowers, and Tulips.


Defining your Objectives

In choosing an appropriate strategy, it is necessary to identify individual expectations, limitations and thresholds. Answering the following questions will help pinpoint appropriate control methods:

How much damage can be tolerated?

How much can you afford to spend on controls?

How much damage is there?

What are short-term and long-term goals?

Be sure to weigh your options.

Analyzing the Site

Deer damage may vary widely within a site. We will document time of damage, intensity of damage, which plants are damaged, where the deer come from, and where in the nursery or residential landscape browsing is taking place. Sometimes problems can be solved by relocating preferred plants to one central location and using repellents, scare tactics and/or physical barriers.

Developing a Plan

Do not try to implement a full deer-control strategy in one fell swoop. Strategies will include future planning and phasing-in of tactics. Consider your deer problem when choosing and locating future crops or landscape plantings. Budget for appropriate control strategies.






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